Category Archives: Civil Procedure – Summary Judgment

Rodriguez v. City of New York Makes Plaintiff’s Negligence Personal Injury Actions Partial Summary Judgment Motions Success Easier

“This appeal requires us to answer a question that has perplexed courts for some time: Whether a plaintiff is entitled to partial summary judgment on the issue of a defendant’s liability, when, as here, defendant has arguably raised an issue of fact regarding plaintiff’s comparative negligence. Stated differently, to obtain partial summary judgment in a comparative negligence case, must plaintiffs establish the absence of their own comparative negligence. We hold that a plaintiff does not bear that burden.”  Rodriguez v City of New York, 2018 NY Slip Op 02287, Decided on April 3, 2018, New York Court of Appeals. Feinman, J.

Late Expert Disclosure Affidavits Permitted on Motions for Summary Judgment and in Opposition.

BILLS S5188/A6265 OF THE 2015-2016 regular sessions signed by the Governor on December 11, 2015 amends CPLR R3212 Motion for Summary Judgment, and applies to all motions made on or after December 11, 2015 and overrules those cases wherein the court ignored an expert affidavit because a CPLR §3101(d) expert exchange was not made prior to the making of the motion, the service of papers in opposition to the motion or service of papers in reply.


Section 1. Subdivision (b) of rule 3212 of the civil practice law and rules, as amended by charter 651 of the laws of 1973, is amended to read as follows:


(b) Supporting proof; grounds; relief to either party.   A motion for summary judgment shall be supported by affidavit, by a copy of the pleadings and by other available proof, such as depositions and written admissions. The affidavit shall be by a person having knowledge of the facts; it shall recite all the material facts; and it shall show that there is no defense to the cause of action or that the cause of action or defense has no merit.   WHERE AN EXPERT AFFIDAVIT IS SUBMITTED IN SUPPORT OF, OR OPPOSITION TO, A MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT, THE COURT SHALL NOT DECLINE TO CONSIDER THE AFFIDAVIT BECAUSE AN EXPERT EXCHANGE PURSUANT TO SUBPARAGRAPH (I) OF PARAGRAPH (1) OF SUBDIVISION (D) OF SECTION 3101 WAS NOT FURNISHED PRIOR TO THE SUBMISSION OF THE AFFIDAVIT. The motion shall be granted if, upon all the papers and proof submitted, the cause of action or defense shall be established sufficiently to warrant the court as a matter of law in directing judgment in favor of any party. Except as provided in subdivision (c) of this rule the motion shall be denied if any party shall show facts sufficient to require a trial of any issue of fact. If it shall appear that any party other than the moving party is entitled to a summary judgment, the court may grant such judgment without the necessity of a cross-motion.


Section 2. This act shall take effect immediately and shall apply to all pending cases for which a summary judgment motion is made on or after the date on which it shall have become law and all cases filed on or after such effective date.

Language in CAPITOLS is new;